“GREAT SYMPHONY” FRENZ Schubert
Throughout his life and long enough after his death, Franz Schubert was the personification of a misunderstood genius who had not achieved recognition. Only friends and relatives admired his music, and most of the works were discovered and published many years after his untimely death.
Disappointed, the ever-needy Schubert created divine music. Being not very happy, remaining alone and feeling isolated from the whole world, he wrote marvelous music filled with freshness. So who was this short, short-sighted, wanderer who lived a short life, called at birth Franz Peter Schubert?
The youngest of the sons
The Schubert family hails from Austrian Silesia. The composer’s father moved to Vienna and, over time, became a school principal in a suburb of Lichtental. He married a girl from his village who worked as a cook. There was not enough money in the family, although it cannot be said that they lived in poverty. 14 children were born in the marriage, of which only five survived. The youngest of the sons was Franz Peter Schubert.
He was born on January 31, 1797. The first five years Schubert composer Franz Schubert spelled at home. From an early age, the boy showed a love of music. Little Franz adored the company of a woodworking apprentice, with whom he often attended the piano workshop. There young Schubert independently learned to play, relying only on natural instinct. If you recall the great self-taught geniuses, Schubert can be called the most unique. When he first started studying with a teacher at the age of 7, it turned out that the young pianist already had all the basics of playing the piano. The boy also had a very beautiful voice. The choir leader in Lichtental, Michael Holzer, acknowledged that he had never had such a student.
Gift of the young Franz Schubert
Definitely, the genius of art visited the boy at the time of birth. Perhaps only the talent of the young Mozart can be put higher.
Ferdinand, brother of the composer, claimed that Fantasia for 4 hands, composer Franz Schubert written in 1810, was the first work for piano, and the first song was “The Complaint of Hagar” written in 1811. But there is evidence that long before this young composer wrote songs, plays for piano and even string quartets. The catalog of the plays, preserved by his brother, included only those that were preserved by him or the music publisher Diabelli.
At the age of 11, Schubert sang solo in the church parish of Lichtental, played the violin solo. Father showed a talented son in the Imperial Chapel. In 1808, he was listened to by two court masters, Salieri and Eibler. The result exceeded all expectations – Schubert was accepted into the imperial choir.
Being a rather good violinist, he became a member of a small school orchestra, which almost daily played instrumental music by great authors, the symphony of Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven.
Due to his ability to play different instruments, as well as his devotion to music, Schubert soon got a promotion – the first violin post. He also had to conduct the orchestra if the main conductor was absent.
His music was eager to go outside, but he kept his impulses secret. Yet it was very difficult to resist the impulse to write. Thoughts streamed over Franz, and he never had enough note paper to write down everything that was torn outside.
composer Antonio Salieri Antonio Salieri
Schubert lived almost his whole life, if not in need, then with limited means, but he was always especially acutely short of musical notes. Already at the age of 13, he wrote an incredible amount: sonatas, masses, songs, operas, symphonies … Unfortunately, only some of these early works saw the light.
Schubert had an amazing habit: to mark the exact date on the notes, when he began to compose the piece and when he finished. It is very strange that in 1812 he wrote only one song – “Sad” – a small and not the most outstanding of his work. It is hard to believe that not a single song came out of the composer’s pen in one of the most fruitful years of his work. Perhaps Schubert was so absorbed in instrumental music that it distracted his attention from his favorite genre. But the list of instrumental and religious music, written in the same year, is simply huge.
Schubert’s marriage did not take place
1813 is considered the final period of early work. In connection with the transitional age, a voice began to break, and Franz was no longer the composer Franz Schubertmoog to sing in the court chapel. The emperor allowed him to remain in school, but the young genius no longer wanted to learn. He returned home and, at the insistence of his father, became an assistant teacher at his school. He fell to work in the classroom for the youngest, with children who still can not do anything and quickly forget everything. It was unbearable for the young genius. He often lost his temper, straightening pupils with kicks and slaps. Despite his desperate efforts, they were always unhappy.