“RHAPSODY IN BLUE TONES” by GEORGE GERSHWIN
“Lady Jazz, adorned with intriguing rhythms, was walking dancing across the whole world. But nowhere did she meet a knight who would introduce her as a respected guest to the higher music community. George Gershwin did this miracle. He boldly dressed this extremely independent and modern lady in the classic clothes of the concert. However, in no way diminished the charm. He is a prince who took Cinderella by the hand and openly proclaimed her a princess, causing surprise to the world and the rage of her envious sisters, ”the American conductor Walter Damrosh said of his compatriot.
Magic of music
George Gershwin’s parents did not violate customs laws when, at the end of the last century, they moved from Odessa to hospitable New York. The family “violated” another law – the law of social stratification, when, in an incomprehensible way, in the family of Maurice, the shoemaker at the factory of women’s shoes, and Rosa, daughter of the furrier, had children, so to speak, of a completely different flight. George was the second child in the family. Jacob Gershowitz was born on September 26, 1898. Parents changed their surname to Gershwin long before their children became famous.
At school, George was not a diligent student and studied mediocre, which upset his mother, who wanted to see her children as school teachers in the future. In 1912 he was enrolled in the Commercial School, but he did not become a merchant either. composer George GershwinShip prepared for a boy a completely different way.
The boy’s friends often observed that the street champion sometimes skates the surrounding. The reason was always the same – music. Max Rosenzweig, later a violinist in America, made a deep impression on 8-year-old George. He played Dvorak’s Humoresque at a school concert. An hour and a half after the concert, George waited for the musician, not paying attention to the pouring rain, and, noticing that he had gone the other way, he rushed to his home.
They became friends. In the house of Rosenzweig, George himself learned to play the piano, picked up popular melodies by ear. You can imagine the surprise of parents, when it soon became clear that he was so successful in playing the piano in a short time that he left Ira Ira far behind. To the great joy of both, the parents decided that George should play music.
George Gershwin’s Way to a Dream
George Gershwins and his brother Ira George and Ira Gershwins
The young musician had to learn in several piano “schools”. At first he was tormented by three old ladies, the fourth teacher was not engaged in technical equipment at all, but raised his pupil to potpourri from operas. And only Charles Hambitzer turned out to be exactly the musician Gershwin needed. Since 1915, George, according to his recommendations, took lessons in harmony and orchestration.
One fine day, a fifteen-year-old musician appeared before the manager of the Remik and Co publishing house. George Gershwin played the piano, not even counting on success. However, surprisingly, he was accepted as a pianist-popularizer with a payment of $ 15 a week.
“Why do you play Bach’s fugues, do you want to become a concert pianist?” Asked colleagues at the store. “No,” answered George, “I study Bach in order to write popular music.”
Debut, failure and faith
In 1916, the fashionable revue singer Sophie Tucker became interested in the Gershwin song “When the composer George Gershwinwa wants it,” and successfully performed it. Gradually, he became famous in the musical circles of Broadway. In February 1918, the young composer met with Max Dreyfus, who headed the Harms publishing house. He offered the composer a job with paying $ 35 a week. George could not have dreamed of the best at that time. There was no need to sit in an office or learn songs with singers. Only one thing is needed – to write.
On Monday, December 9, 1918, George Gershwin made his debut on Broadway, which composer George Gershwin turned into a real flour for him. The stage life of the review ended on the same week – on Friday. The producer was unable to provide the composition of the women’s troupe announced in the poster, and this decided the fate of the revue.
The name of George Gershwin in the 1920s increasingly began to appear on the pages of newspapers and magazines. On September 6, 1922, Beryl Rubinstein, a famous American pianist and teacher, in a newspaper interview called Gershwin “an outstanding composer.” “In this young man there is a spark of genius,” he argued. “I really believe that America will be proud of him in the near future …”
Successful experiment Gershwin
From January 7 to February 4, 1924, the apartment of Gershwin on 110th Street was as if under siege. The alert silence was occasionally interrupted by short remarks. They worked like this: Gershwin wrote the clavier of the rhapsody for two pianos, leaving empty lines for solo improvisations by the pianist. As soon as the next page was completed, Fred Grof (arranger of the Whiteman Orchestra) took it and orchestrated the music for the jazz composition. He then rehearsed them with his orchestra. And finally, the “Rhapsody in Blues” was born.